Women’s rights, as a term, typically refers to the freedoms inherently possessed by women and girls of all ages, which may be institutionalized, ignored or illegitimately suppressed by law, custom, and behavior in a particular society. These liberties are grouped together and differentiated from broader notions of human rights because they often differ from the freedoms inherently possessed by or recognized for men and boys, and because activism surrounding this issue claims an inherent historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women. The position of women since long has been pitiable in all aspects of life and her ubjection by males has been throughout a matter of history. She could not feel independent, and act as so, barring a few exceptions.
Issues commonly associated with notions of women’s rights include, though are not limited to, the right: to bodily integrity and autonomy; to vote (universal suffrage); to hold public office; to work; to fair wages or equal pay; to own property; to education; to serve in the military; to enter into legal contracts; and to have marital, parental and religious rights. Today, women in most nations can vote, own property, work in many different professions, and hold public office. These are some of the rights of the modern woman. But women have not always been allowed to do these things, similar to the experiences of the majority of men throughout history. Women and their supporters have waged and in some places continue to wage long campaigns to win the same rights as modern men and be viewed as equals in society.
The women in Vedic period enjoyed equal status with men and independence in action. Not only they had the place of honour, but were entitled to participate freely in social activities. They were allowed to pursue the academic attainments and shared the familylife with full vigour. They were free to select their conjugal partner and exercised free will in entering into the matrimonial bondage. Widows were not only precluded from remarrying, but they were also not allowed to live after the death of their husband. There also existed the system of Purda, were the women had to cover her face and body with a robe when she was to be seen in public.